MAMCE
  • Placement
  • A Guide to Competitive Exams

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)-Once Yearly

GATE

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all -India Examination conducted by the six Indian Institutes of Technology and Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, on behalf of the National Coordinating Board - GATE, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), Government of India.FromFreshersworld point of view we have tried our best to give you a clear picture of GATE.

Admission to postgraduate programmes, with MHRD and other government scholarship/assistantship, in Engineering/Technology/Architecture/Pharmacy/Science at engineering colleges/institutes in the country will be open only to those who qualify through GATE.

Some engineering colleges/institutes specify GATE as mandatory qualification even for admission of self-financing students to postgraduate programmes. However, GATE qualification in itself does not guarantee either admission or scholarship/assistantship. GATE qualified candidates in Engineering disciplines are also eligible for the award of the Junior Research Fellowship in CSIR Laboratories. Some Government Organizations prescribe GATE qualification as a requirement for applying to the post of a Scientist.

Eligibility

    The following categories of candidates are eligible to appear for GATE .

  • Bachelor's degree holders in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture/ Pharmacy and those who are in the final or pre- final year of such programmes
  • Master's degree holders in any branch of Science/ Mathematics/ Statistics/ Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final or pre- final year of such programmes
  • Candidates in the second or higher year of the Post B.Sc. Four- year Integrated Master's degree programme in Engineering/ Technology or in the third or higher year of the Five- Year integrated Master's degree/ Dual degree programme in Engineering/ Technology
  • Candidates with qualifications obtained through examination conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/ AICTE as equivalent to B.E / B. Tech. Those who have completed Section A or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.

GATE exam is important because of below mentioned factors

  • M.Tech - Campus placements in National and International private or public companies.
  • Several reputed PSUs and research organizations recruits on basis of GATE Score. i.e. IOCL, NTPC, BHEL, PGCIL, BARC etc.
  • Teaching: Professor, Asst. Professor at IITs, NITs, reputed educational institutes etc.
  • Junior Research Fellow: ISRO, DRDO, BARC, CSIR, IITs etc.
  • Senior Research Fellow: ISRO, DRDO, BARC, CSIR, IITs etc.
  • Junior Research Associates/ Senior Project Associates
  • Scientists "C" grade jobs
  • Career in Research & Development
  • Technical value addition
  • Expertise in subject/domain specialization

Type of Question

GATE 2014 Exam consists of Multiple Choice Questions and Numerical Type Questions in all papers & sections. Multiple Choice Questions will contain 4 options, of which only one is correct. For Numerical Type Questions a number as the answer should be entered using mouse and virtual keyboard on the monitor The following furnished logics given below:-

a. Recall:

These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws of the discipline. The candidate is expected to be able to obtain the answer either from his/her memory directly or at most from a one-line computation.

b. Comprehension:

These questions will test the candidate's understanding of the basics of his/her field, by requiring him/her to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.

c. Application:

In these questions, the candidate is expected to apply his/her knowledge either through computation or by logical reasoning.

d. Analysis and Synthesis:

These can be linked questions, where the answer to the first question of the pair is required in order to answer its successor. Or these can be common data questions, in which two questions share the same data but can be solved independently of one another.

e. Common Data Questions:

Multiple questions may be linked to a common data problem, passage and the like. Two or three questions can be formed from the given common data problem. Each question is independent and its solution obtainable from the above problem data/passage directly. (Answer of the previous question is not required to solve the next question). Each question under this group will carry two marks.

f. Linked answer questions:

These questions are of problem solving type. A problem statement is followed by two questions based on the problem statement. The two questions are designed such that the solution to the second question depends upon the answer to the first one. In other words, the first answer is an intermediate step in working out the second answer. Each question in such linked answer questions will carry two marks.

Exam pattern

Exam Pattern

The GATE examination consists of a single paper of 3 hours duration and of 150 marks. The choice of the appropriate paper is the responsibility of the candidate. The question paper of GATE will be fully of objective type. The question papers will be in English only.

GATE will have the following papers - Aerospace Engineering, Agricultural Engineering, Architecture and Planning, Civil Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Computer Science & Engineering, Chemistry, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Geology & Geophysics, Instrumentation Engineering, Information Technology, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Mining Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Physics, Production & Industrial Engineering, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Textile Engineering &Fiber Science, Engineering Science, Life Sciences.

Papers like Engineering Science and Life Sciences are of general nature. Engineering Science comprise of the following topics like Engg. Mathematics (Compulsory), Computational Science, Electrical Sciences, Fluid Mechanics, Materials Science, Solid Mechanics, Thermodynamics.

Life Sciences include Chemistry (Compulsory), Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Botany, Microbiology, Zoology Candidates appearing in these papers are required to answer three sections. Engg. Mathematics and Chemistry are compulsory. Candidates can choose any two out of the remaining sections mentioned against the respective papers.

    Some guidelines are suggested below:
  • Candidates are expected to appear in a paper appropriate to the discipline of their qualifying degree.
  • The candidates are free to choose any paper according to their admission plan, keeping in mind the eligibility criteria of the admitting institute.
  • Candidates have to mark the correct choice by darkening the appropriate bubble against each question on an Objective Response Sheet (ORS).
  • There will be 'negative' marking for wrong answers. The deduction will be 25% of the marks allotted.

The criteria for postgraduate admission with scholarship/assistantship are different in various Institutes. For more details, the candidates are required to contact the institutes/universities to which they are interested in seeking admission.

Every qualified candidate will receive an original GATE Score Card which will include the GATE Score, Percentile Score and Rank of the candidate. The Gate score is valid for two years. Additional Score Cards, up to a maximum of two, will be issued on request and on payment of Rs 250/- per card.

  • Indian Institute of Science Bangalore - www.gate.iisc.ernet.in
  • Indian Institute of Technology Bombay - www.iitb.ac.in/gate
  • Indian Institute of Technology Delhi - www.gate.iitd.ac.in
  • Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati - www.iitg.ernet.in/gate
  • Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur - www.iitk.ac.in/gate
  • Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur - http://gate.iitkgp.ac.in/
  • Indian Institute of Technology Madras - www.gate.iitm.ac.in
  • Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee - www.iitr.ac.in/gate

INDIAN ENGINEERING SERVICES

Exam Pattern

Engineering Services Examination is a combined competitive examination held by the Union Public Service Commission at 39 centers in the month of June of every year. The notification for this examination is published in English dailies and Employment News in the month of January. Recruitment on the results of this examination is made to the services/posts under the following categories: -

  • Civil Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

Eligibility Criteria

(I) Nationality:

A candidate must be either:
  • (a) A citizen of India or.
  • (b) A subject of Nepal or A subject of Bhutan or.
  • (c) A Tibetan refugee who came over to Indian before the 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or.
  • (d) A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka or East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or from Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India. Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c) and (d) above shall be a person in whose favor a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.
  • (II) Age Limits:

  • (a) A candidate for this examination must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 30 years on the 1st January, of the current year.
  • (b) The upper age-limit of 30 years will be relax able up to 35 years in the case of Government servants of the following categories, if they are employed in a Department/Office under the control of any of the authorities mentioned in column 1 below and apply for admission to the examination for all or any of the Service(s)/Posts mentioned in column 2, for which they are otherwise eligible.
  • (c) The upper age-limit prescribed above will be further relaxable:
    • (i) Upto a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a scheduled caste or a scheduled tribe.
    • (ii) Upto a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to OBC category.
    • (iii) Upto a maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the state of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from 1st January, 1980 to the 31st day of December, 1989.
    • (iv) Upto a maximum of three years in the case of defense service personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area, and released as a consequence thereof;
    • (v) Upto a maximum of five years in the case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st August, and have been released (i) on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1st August, ) otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or (ii) on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service or (iii) on invalidment; (vi) Upto a maximum of five years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Services as on 1st August, and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defense issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and they will be released on three months notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment.
    • (vii) Upto a maximum of 10 years in the case of blind, deaf-mute and Orthopaedically handicapped persons.

    (III) Minimum Educational Qualification:

  • (a) Obtained a degree in Engineering from a university incorporated by an act of the central or state legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as universities under section-3 of the university grants commission act, 1956; or.
  • (b) Passed Section A and B of the Institution Examinations of the Institution of Engineers (India); or.
  • (c) Obtained a degree/diploma in Engineering from such foreign University/College/Institution and under such conditions as may be recognised by the Government for the purpose from time to time, or.
  • (d) Passed Graduate Membership Examination of the Institute of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers (India); or.
  • (e) Passed Associate Membership Examination Parts II and III/Sections A and B of the Aeronautical Society of India; or.
  • (f) Passed Graduate Membership Examination of the Institution of Electronics and Radio Engineers, London held after November, 1959.

Provided that a candidate for the post of Indian Naval Armament Service (Electronics Engineering Posts and Engineer Group 'A' in Wireless Planning and Coordination Wing/Monitoring Organization) may possess any of the above qualifications or the qualification mentioned below namely: M.Sc. degree or its equivalent with Wireless Communication, Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering as a special subject.

IES EXAM PATTERN

SUBJECT DURATION MARKS
General Ability Test
(Part A: General English)
(Part B: General Studies)
2 hours 200
Objective Paper I 2 hours 200
Objective Paper II 2 hours 200
Conventional Paper I 3 hours 200
Conventional Paper II 3 hours 200
Personality Test 200
TOTAL MARKS 200

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (Group A Services/Posts)

  • 1. Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers.
  • 2. Indian Railway Stores Service (Electrical Engineering Posts)
  • 3. Central Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Service (Electrical Engineering Posts)
  • 4. Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Engineering Branch) (Electrical Engineering Posts)
  • 5. Indian Naval Armament Service (Electrical Engineering Posts)
  • 6. Central Power Engineering Service (Electrical Engineering Posts)
  • 7. Military Engineering Service (IDSE) (Electrical and Mechanical Cadre) (Electrical Engineering Posts)
  • 8. Assistant Executive Engineer Group 'A' (Electrical Engineering Posts) in the Corps of E.M.E., Ministry of Defence

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING(Group A Services/Posts)

  • 1. Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers
  • 2. Indian Railway Stores Service (Telecommunication/Electronics Engineering Posts)
  • 3. Engineer in Wireless Planning and Coordination Wing/monitoring Organisation; Ministry of Communication (Department of Telecommunications)
  • 4. Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Engineering Branch) (Electronics Engineering Posts)
  • 5. Indian Naval Armament Service (Electronics Engineering Posts)
  • 6. Central Power Engineering Service (Telecommunication Engineering Posts)
  • 7. Survey of India Service Group 'A' (Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering Posts)
  • 8. Assistant Executive Engineer Group 'A' (Electronics Engineering Posts) in the Corps of E.M.E., Ministry of Defence
Exam Pattern

1. UPSC EXAMINATION

  • CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION
  • INDIAN STATISTICAL SERVICE EXAMINATION
  • INDIAN FOREST SERVICE EXAMINATION
  • COMBINED ENGINEERING SERVICES EXAMINATION
  • GEOLOGISTS EXAMINATION
  • SPECIAL CLASS RAILWAY APPRENTICES EXAMINATION
  • NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY EXAMINATION
  • COMBINED DEFENCE SERVICES EXAMINATION
  • COMBINED MEDICAL SERVICES EXAMINATION

2. SSC EXAMINATION

  • GRADUATE LEVEL COMBINED EXAMINATION-PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION
  • GRADUATE LEVEL COMBINED EXAMINATION-MAIN EXAMINATION (GROUP A)
  • GRADUATE LEVEL COMBINED EXAMINATION-MAIN EXAMINATION (GROUP B)
  • MATRIC LEVEL COMBINED EXAMINATION-PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION
  • SUB-INSPECTOR (EXECUTIVE) IN DELHI POLICE EXAM
  • MATRIC LEVEL COMBINED EXAMINATION-MAIN EXAMINATION
  • INVESTIGATORS EXAMINATION
  • TRANSMISSION EXECUTIVE EXAMINATION
  • SENIOR OBSERVERS EXAMINATION
  • HINDI TRANSLATORS EXAMINATION
  • INFORMATION ASSISTANTS EXAMINATION
  • INSPECTOR-NARCOTICS

3. DEFENCE EXAMINATIONS

  • IAF EDUCATION INSTRUCTOR
  • IAF PILOTS
  • IAF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
  • INDIAN NAVY SSC OFFICERS
  • INDIAN NAVY MUSICIAN SAILOR (NMER)
  • INDIAN NAVY (HYDROGRAPHIC CADRE)
  • INDIAN NAVY AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL OFFICERS
  • ARMY DENTAL CORPS
  • ARMY EDUCATION CORPS-HAVILDAR EDUCATION IN GROUP 'X' AND 'Y' EXAM.
  • ARMY COMMISSIONED OFFICERS (LAW)
  • ARMY SSC (TECHNICAL)
  • ARMY 10+2 (PCM) TECHNICAL

4. RAILWAY EXAMINATIONS

  • TECHNICAL AND NON-TECHNICAL CADRE EXAMINATIONS
  • RPF SUB-INSPECTORS/CONSTABLES EXAM AND RPSF CONSTABLES
  • VOCATIONAL COURSE IN "RAILWAY COMMERCIAL"
  • INSTITUTE OF RAIL TRANSPORT (DIPLOMA COURSES)

5. POLICE/SECURITY EXAMINATIONS

  • CENTRAL RESERVE POLICE FORCE
  • INTELLIGENCE BUREAU ACIO (WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY)
  • INTELLIGENCE BUREAU JUNIOR INTELLIGENCE OFFICER
  • INTELLIGENCE BUREAU ASSISTANT GRADE
  • CISF INSPECTOR AND SUB-INSPECTORS (FIRE WING) EXAMINATION
  • CISF CONSTABLE (GENERAL DUTY)
  • OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER OF POLICE, DELHI
  • DELHI POLICE CONSTABLE

SSC

Exam Pattern

The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) covers most of the group 'B' services, group 'C' services and other posts in various ministries. While UPSC offers close to 5,000 posts per year through the various examinations it conducts, SSC offers close to 30,000 Central Government jobs each year.

Ideally, aspirants should start their preparations for CGL examination as early as possible. This will enable them to get selected at an early age and will give them seniority in their department. This will ensure that their career is long enough for them to reach the topmost positions in the service they choose.

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

(i) Age:

  • (a) Statistical Investigator Gr II : Max 32 years
  • (b) Assistant Enforcement Officer / SI in CBI : Max : 30 years
  • (c) All Other posts : 18 - 27 years

(ii) Educational Qualification: Graduation or equivalent(All posts)

  • (i) Compiler : Graduation (Economics/Statistics/Mathematics as compulsory or Elective subject)
  • (ii) Statistical Investigator Grade - II : Graduation with Statistics(main) OR Statistics as one of the papers

UPSC

Exam Pattern

The Civil Service Examination is an all India Competitive examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruiting IAS, IFS, IPS and other Central Service officers. The examination consists of three stages - Preliminary, Mains Examination and Interview.

The Preliminary Examination is held in August and the Mains Examination in December. The notification for the Preliminary examination is published in May every year. The interview is held in the Month of July and final results are published in the month of July/August every year.

List of services

  • Indian Administrative Service.
  • Indian Foreign Service.
  • Indian Police Service.
  • Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group 'A'.
  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
  • Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group 'A'.
  • Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
  • Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group 'A'.
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group 'A' (Assistant Works Manager, Administration).
  • Indian Postal Service, Group 'A'.
  • Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
  • Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group 'A'.
  • Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
  • Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group 'A'.
  • Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group 'A'
  • Indian Defence Estates Service, Group 'A'.
  • Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group 'A'.
  • Indian Trade Service, Group 'A' (Gr. III).
  • Indian Corporate Law Service, Group "A".
  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group 'B' (Section Officer's Grade).
  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.
  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'.
  • Pondicherry Civil Service, Group 'B'.
  • Pondicherry Police Service, Group 'B'.

Reservation will be made for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes. Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Physically Disabled Categories in respect of vacancies as may be fixed by the Government.

ELIGIBILITY

    Nationality:

  • For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.
  • Age Limits :

  • A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years
  • Minimum Educational Qualifications:

  • The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.
  • Note:

    Candidates who have appeared at an examination the passing of which would render them educationally qualified for the Commission's examination but have not been informed of the results as also the candidates who intend to appear at such a qualifying examination will also be eligible for admission to the Preliminary Examination. All candidates who are declared qualified by the Commission for taking the Civil Services (Main) Examination

    Number Of Attempts :

  • Every candidate appearing at the examination who is otherwise eligible, shall be permitted four attempts at the examination.
  • Provided that this restriction on the number of attempts will not apply in the case of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes candidates who are otherwise eligible. Provided further that the number of attempts permissible to candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes, who are otherwise eligible shall be seven.
  • The relaxation will be available to the candidates who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.
  • Provided further that a physically handicapped will get as many attempts as are available to other non-physically handicapped candidates of his or her community, subject to the condition that a physically handicapped candidate belonging to the General Category shall be eligible for seven attempts.
  • The relaxation will be available to the physically handicapped candidates who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.

STRUCTURE OF THE EXAMINATION

Civil Services Examinations is essentially 3-tiered, namely Preliminary examination, Mains Examinations, and Interview / Personality test.

Preliminary Examination:

  • The Preliminary Examination is conducted during August month of every year. It consists of two papers - one to be attended in the forenoon and the other in the Afternoon of the same day.
  • In the Forenoon session, General Studies Paper - I, a set of multiple choice questions is to be answered by the applicants.I
  • n afternoon session,CSAT - Paper II, a set of multiple choice question is to be answered by the applicants. Candidates should note that there will be penalty (negative marking) for wrong answers marked by a candidate in the Objective Type Question Papers.
  • SUBJECTS SESSION MARKS
    General Studies Forenoon 200
    Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT) Afternoon 200

    The exam are usually conducted during August month every year.

    Main Examination:

  • The candidates who qualify for Main Examination have to choose one optional which has two papers. Totally the aspirants are to appear in nine papers, details of which is given below
  • Subjects:
    SUBJECTS PAPERS MARKS
    INDIAN LANGUAGES
    ENGLISH
    PAPER A
    PAPER B
    300
    300
    ESSAY PAPER - I 250
    GENERAL STUDIES PAPER - II 250
    GENERAL STUDIES PAPER - III 250
    GENERAL STUDIES PAPER - IV 250
    GENERAL STUDIES PAPER - V 250
    OPTIONAL - I PAPER - I 250
    OPTIONAL - II PAPER - II 250
    TOTAL 1750

    The exams are usually conducted during October / November months of every yea

    Interview / Personality Test:

  • Candidates who qualify for Interview / Personality Test are required to attend the Interview / Personality Test in UPSC, New Delhi.
  • The Maximum marks for Interview / Personality are 275 (Grand Total = Main Examination (1750) + Interview (275) = 2025). This test is conducted during March & April months of every year. The final results are published on-line a week or fortnight before the next preliminary Examination.

JOINT CSIR UGC TEST FOR JRF & LS (NET)-Twice Yearly

Introduction:

CSIR stands for Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India which provides Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) to those who qualify the joint CSIR-UGC Joint Entrance Test for Junior Research Fellowship and Eligibility for Lectureship (LS) i.e. National Eligibility Test (NET) conducted by CSIR twice in a year. The EMR Division under Human Resource and Development (HRD) Group of CSIR provide CSIR Research Fellowship to bright young men and women for training in methods of research under the expert guidance of faculty members /scientists working in University Departments/

National Laboratories and Institutes in various fields of Science & Technology and Medical Sciences. The CSIR Fellowships are tenable in India. Only bonafide Indian citizens, residing in India are eligible for the award of research Fellowship.

Eligibility:

The age limit for JRF (NET) is minimum 19 years and maximum 28 years, which is relaxed upto 5 years in the case of candidates belonging to Schedule Castes/Schedule Tribes, Women, Physically Handicapped and OBC applicants. However for LS (NET) there is no upper age. Candidates who have M.Sc. or Equivalent degree in Life Science with minimum 55% marks for General & OBC candidates; 50% for SC/ST, Physically and Visually Handicapped candidates and Ph.D. degree holders who had passed Master's degree prior to 19th September 1991 are eligible.

A candidate who is appearing or has appeared in his/her final year (III/IV Semester where Semester system is there) of M.Sc. OR equivalent Degree Examination during the academic Session 2008-2009 can also apply for the Test under RA (Result Awaited) category. Such candidates are admitted to the Test provisionally. They shall only be considered eligible for JRF-(NET)/LS-(NET), if they are able to produce the proof of having passed the Master's Degree examination in the Life Science with the requisite percentage of marks and within the stipulated time frame.

SYLLABUS

  • PAPER-I (Section A)
  • PAPER-II
  • CHEMICAL SCIENCES
  • EARTH SCIENCES
  • LIFE SCIENCES
  • MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES
  • PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Note :

Model questions for Joint CSIR UGC Test for JRF and Eligibility for Lectureship (NET) are available and can be directly obtained from Sales & Distribution Officer, National Institute of Science Communication & Information Resource (NISCAIR), Dr. K. S. Krishnan Marg, (Pusa) New Delhi 110 012 against payment of Rs. 200/- through Demand Draft / IPO in favour of Director, NISCAIR, New Delhi 110 012 or in Cash.

Note :

All students are requested to regularly check the 'Employments News' and major national daily newspaper along with websites of CSIR, ICMR, ICAR, DBT, DST, etc. for complete information regarding entrances exams and more opportunities.

STUDY ABROAD STANDARDIZED TESTS

study in abroad
study in abroad

When you apply to a college or university abroad, you will probably be asked to provide your test scores for the SAT for under-graduate program and GMAT or GRE for graduate programs, which are standardized entrance exams. While these entrance exams are an important consideration in the admission process at schools abroad, you can still overcome a low score by displaying strengths in other areas, such as your school grades, your application essay, or your experiences.

study in abroad

International English Language Testing System - IELTS, measures ability to communicate in English across all four language skills - listening, reading, writing and speaking. The IELTS test focuses on "International English", which includes British English, American English and other varieties like Australian or South African English. IELTS test is designed to assess the language ability of non-native speakers of English who intend to study or work where English is the language of communication.

study in abroad

Since 1989, IELTS has been proven and trusted worldwide to provide a secure, global, authentic and customer-focused test which measures true to life ability to communicate in English. Most of Education institutions, faculties, government agencies and professional organisations around the world recognise IELTS scores as a trusted and valid indicator of ability to communicate in English.

study in abroad

Graduate Management Admission Test - GMAT, is a computer-adaptive standardized test in mathematics and the English language for measuring aptitude to succeed academically in graduate business studies. Business schools commonly use the test as one of many selection criteria for admission into graduate business administration programs (e.g. MBA, Master of Accountancy, etc.) principally in the United States, but also in other English-speaking countries. It is delivered via computer at various locations around the world. In those international locations where an extensive network of computers has not yet been established, the GMAT is offered either at temporary computer-based testing centers on a limited schedule or as a paper-based test (given once or twice a year) at local testing centers. As of September 2010, the fee to take the test is US$250 worldwide.

study in abroad

Graduate Record Examination - GRE, commonly required of applicants to graduate schools in fields other than business, law, and medicine. This computerized exam is offered year-round, but only during the first 3 weeks of every calendar month. It tests students on verbal skills, quantitative skills (math), and analytical reasoning skills. In many ways, it is similar to the SAT. Both are administered by the Educational Testing Service and have similar question formats, though the latter is designed by the College Board and is intended for a different level of education.

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Test of English As A Foreign Langauge - TOEFL, A test for English language proficiency developed by The College Board Most colleges and universities require international students whose native language is not English to take this test for admission. It is a required exam for those students wishing to begin undergraduate or graduate study in the US. The TOEFL is a computer exam which is given year round. There are 4 sections: listening comprehension, structure, reading comprehension and writing.

Many schools may require a paper-based score of a least 550 (or a computer-based score of at least 213) in order for you to enroll. Higher scores are required for some majors.

Even if you speak English well, you should not avoid taking the test. A good score (higher than 600-650) can improve your chances of getting into the school of your choice.

I .GMAT

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The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT)

GMAT is a standardized assessment-delivered in English-that helps business schools assess the qualifications of applicants for advanced study in business and management. Schools use the test as one predictor of academic performance in an MBA program or in other graduate management programs. The test is conducted by Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC), the people behind the GMAT-the test used by nearly 2000 business schools.

What the GMAT Measures

The GMAT exam measures basic verbal, mathematical, and analytical writing skills that you have developed over a long period of time in your education and work. It does NOT measure:

  • Your knowledge of business
  • Your job skills
  • Specific content in your undergraduate or first university course work
  • Your abilities in any other specific subject area, or
  • Subjective qualities-such as motivation, creativity, and interpersonal skills

Format and Timing

The GMAT exam consists of three main parts, the Analytical Writing Assessment, the Quantitative section, and the Verbal section.

  • Analytical Writing Assessment: The GMAT exam begins with the Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA). The AWA consists of two separate writing tasks-Analysis of an Issue and Analysis of an Argument. You are allowed 30 minutes to complete each one.
  • Analytical Writing Assessment: The GMAT exam begins with the Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA). The AWA consists of two separate writing tasks-Analysis of an Issue and Analysis of an Argument. You are allowed 30 minutes to complete each one.
  • Verbal Section: After a second optional ten-minute break, you begin the Verbal Section of the GMAT exam. This section contains 41 multiple choice questions of three question types-Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and Sentence Correction. You are allowed a maximum of 75 minutes to complete the entire section.
  • Computer-Adaptive Format: The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) consists of four separately timed sections. Each of the first two sections consists of an analytical writing task; the remaining two sections (Quantitative and Verbal) consist of multiple-choice questions delivered in a computer-adaptive format. Questions in these sections are dynamically selected as you take the test; the multiple-choice questions will adjust to your ability level, and your test will be unique.

How Does It Work ?

For each multiple-choice section of the GMAT exam, there is a large pool of potential questions ranging from a low to high level of difficulty. Each section of the test starts with a question of moderate difficulty. If you answer the first question correctly, the computer will usually give you a harder question. If you answer the first question incorrectly, your next question will be easier. This process will continue until you complete the section, at which point the computer will have an accurate assessment of your ability level in that subject area.

In a computer-adaptive test, only one question at a time is presented. Because the computer scores each question before selecting the next one, you may not skip, return to, or change your responses to previous questions.

What If You Make a Mistake or Guess?

If you answer a question incorrectly by mistake or correctly by randomly guessing, your answers to subsequent questions will lead you back to questions that are at the appropriate level of difficulty for you.

Random guessing can significantly lower your scores. So, if you do not know the answer to a question, you should try to eliminate as many answer choices as possible and then select the answer you think is best. For more testing strategies, see Test-Taking Strategies.

What if I don't finish ?

Pacing is critical, as there is a severe penalty for not completing. Both the time and number of questions that remain in the section are displayed on the screen during the exam. There are 37 Quantitative questions and 41 Verbal questions. If a question is too time-consuming or if you don't know the answer, make an educated guess by first eliminating the answers you know to be wrong.

How Is Your Score Determined ?

Your score is determined by:
  • The number of questions you answer
  • Whether you answer the questions correctly or incorrectly
  • The level of difficulty and other statistical characteristics of each question

The questions in an adaptive test are weighted according to their difficulty and other statistical properties, not according to their position in the test.

Are All Questions Counted ?

Every test contains trial multiple-choice questions being undertakenfor use in a real exam. These questions are not identified and appear in different locations within the test. You should, therefore, do your best on all questions. Answers to trial questions are not counted in the scoring of your test.

What Computer Skills Do You Need ?

You need only minimal computer skills to complete the GMAT exam. Familiarize yourself with the mechanics of taking a computer-adaptive test by using the GMAT Tutorials that is included with the Free GMAT POWERPREP Software. The tutorials cover such topics as:

  • Using a mouse
  • Entering responses
  • Moving on to the next question
  • Using the word processor
  • Accessing the Help function

Before the day of your test, review the testing tools covered in the tutorials. Although you will be able to use a Help function during the test, the time spent doing so will count against the time allotted for completing a test section

Score

Your GMAT scores are one measure of your potential for academic success in a graduate business program. Learn everything you need to know about them, including what they mean, how schools use them, and how to send them to the schools of your choice

  • Understanding Your GMAT Scores
  • How Schools Use Your Scores
  • Selecting Your Score-Report Recipients
  • Canceling Your Scores
  • Analytical Writing Assessment Rescoring Service
  • Essay Rescore Form

Test Centers

India
  • Cities (Codes)
  • Ahmadabad: 51274
  • Allahabad: 51275
  • Bangalore: 50497
  • Calcutta: 49441
  • Chennai: 50498
  • Cochin: 51277
  • Hyderabad: 50496
  • Mumbai: 50494
  • New Delhi: 50495
For International: Full list of test sites, download a Test Center List

II . GRE

study in abroad

GRE General Test (Graduate Records Examination)

The GRE is required by most U.S. graduate schools and /or departments for candidates applying in the fields of science, technology, or engineering. Generally, the quantitative section of the exam is weighed heavily in the sciences.

GRE Subject Test

Is only offered on a limited basis in paper-based format. The GRE Subject Tests are required for the following fields:

  • Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Mathematics
  • Physics

The GRE General Test measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills that have been acquired over a long period of time and that are not related to any specific field of study. The GRE Subject Tests gauge undergraduate achievement in eight specific fields of study.

GRE General Test

The GRE General Test measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills that have been acquired over a long period of time and that are not related to any specific field of study.

GRE General Test Overview

What Is It ?

The GRE General Test measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills that have been acquired over a long period of time and that are not related to any specific field of study.

Verbal Reasoning

The skills measured include the test taker's ability to
  • Analyze and evaluate written material and synthesize information obtained from it
  • Analyze relationships among component parts of sentences
  • Recognize relationships between words and concepts.

Quantitative Reasoning

The skills measured include the test taker's ability to
  • Understand basic concepts of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis
  • Reason quantitatively
  • Solve problems in a quantitative setting.

Analytical Writing

The skills measured include the test taker's ability to
  • Articulate complex ideas clearly and effectively
  • Examine claims and accompanying evidence
  • Support ideas with relevant reasons and examples
  • Sustain a well-focused, coherent discussion
  • Control the elements of standard written English

Who Takes It and Why ?

Prospective graduate applicants take the General Test. GRE test scores are used by admissions or fellowship panels to supplement undergraduate records and other qualifications for graduate study. The scores provide common measures for comparing the qualifications of applicants and aid in evaluating grades and recommendations.

Where Do People Take It ?

The General Test is offered year-round at computer-based test centers in the U.S., Canada, and many other countries. It is offered at paper-based test centers in areas of the world where computer-based testing is not available. See which format is available in your area.

Who Accepts It ?

Any accredited graduate or professional school, or any department or division within a school, may require or recommend that its applicants take the General Test, a Subject Test, or both. If approved by the GRE Board, a non-accredited institution can also receive test takers' scores.

Test Content

  • Computer-Based General Test Content and Structure
  • Typical Computer-Based General Test
  • Paper-Based General Test Content and Structure
  • Typical Paper-Based General Test
  • Modified Versions of Verbal and Quantitative Questions

Computer-Based General Test Content and Structure

The computer-based General Test has three sections.
  • In addition, one unidentified pretest section may be included, and this section can appear in any position in the test after the analytical writing section. Questions in the pretest section are being tested for possible use in future tests, and answers will not count toward your scores.
  • An identified research section that is not scored may also be included, and this section would always appear in the final section of the test. Questions in the research section are included for the purpose of ETS research, and answers will not count toward your scores.
  • Total testing time is up to three hours, not including the research section. The directions at the beginning of each section specify the total number of questions in the section and the time allowed for the section.
  • The analytical writing section is always first. For the Issue task, two topics will be presented and you will choose one. The Argument task does not present a choice of topics; instead, one topic will be presented.
  • The verbal and quantitative sections may appear in any order, including an unidentified verbal or quantitative pretest section. Treat each section presented during your test as if it counts.
  • For the Issue task, two essay topics are presented and you choose one. The Argument task does not present a choice of topics; instead one topic is presented.
  • An unidentified verbal or quantitative pretest section may be included and may appear in any order after the analytical writing section. It is not counted as part of your score.
  • An identified research section that is not scored may be included, and it is always at the end of the test.

Paper-Based General Test Content and Structure

The paper-based GRE General Test contains five sections.

In addition, one unidentified pretest section may be included, and this section can appear in any position in the test after the analytical writing section. Questions in the pretest section are being tested for possible use in future tests, and answers will not count toward your scores.

Total testing time is up to 3 3/4 hours. The directions at the beginning of each section specify the total number of questions in the section and the time allowed for the section.

The analytical writing section is always first. For the Issue task, two topics will be presented and you will choose one. The Argument task does not present a choice of topics; instead one topic will be presented.

The verbal and quantitative sections may appear in any order, including an unidentified verbal or quantitative pretest section. Treat each section presented during your test as if it counts.

For the Issue task, two essay topics will be presented and you will choose one. The Argument task does not present a choice of topics; instead, one topic will be presented.

An unidentified verbal or quantitative pretest section may be included and may appear in any order after the analytical writing section. It is not counted as part of your score.

Modified Versions of Verbal and Quantitative Questions

The test you take may include questions that are modified versions of published questions or of questions you have already seen on an earlier section of the test. Some modifications are substantial; others are less apparent.

Thus, even if a question appears to be similar to a question you have already seen, it may in fact be a different question and may also have a different correct answer. You can be assured of doing your best on the test you take by paying careful attention to the wording of each question as it appears in your test.

Thus, even if a question appears to be similar to a question you have already seen, it may in fact be a different question and may also have a different correct answer. You can be assured of doing your best on the test you take by paying careful attention to the wording of each question as it appears in your test.

The GRE Program is currently investigating the feasibility of reusing questions that have been published in GRE practice materials. As part of that investigation, you may see questions from these materials on a test you take.

III . TOEFL

Exam Pattern

The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) measures the ability of nonnative speakers of English to use and understand English as it is spoken, written, and heard in college and university settings.

TOEFL scores are accepted by more than 6,000 colleges, universities, and licensing agencies in 110 countries. Every test center is open to everyone who is properly registered, regardless of race, color, creed, or national origin (subject to U.S. sanctions programs and embargoes). TOEFL Web site at www.ets.org/toefl

Educational Testing Service (ETS)

Administers the tests under the general direction of a board that was established by, and is affiliated with, the College Board and the Graduate Record Examinations Board.

Test Content

After September 30, 2006, TOEFL CBT will no longer be offered. The TOEFL program is phasing in the Internet-based version of the TOEFL test - TOEFL iBT. In areas where TOEFL iBT is not yet available, the paper-based version of the TOEFL test will be offered to continue to provide access for TOEFL test takers in these areas.

Internet-based Test

The TOEFL Internet-based test emphasizes integrated skills and measures all four language skills, including speaking. The content on the test is authentic, and the language is consistent with that used in everyday, real academic settings.

The test has four sections

  • Reading measures the ability to understand academic reading matter.
  • Listening measures the ability to understand English as it is used in colleges and universities.
  • Speaking measures the ability to speak English.
  • Writing measures the ability to write in a way that is appropriate for college and university course work.
  • Test content is based on a "corpus," or database, of spoken and written language that currently contains more than 2.7 million words, collected from educational institutions throughout the United States. The spoken language in the database was collected from

  • Lectures and Interactive Classes
  • Labs
  • Office Hours
  • Study Groups
  • Everyday Service Interactions (for example, at the bookstore or registrar's office) The written language was collected from sources, such as textbooks and course materials. Listening and reading texts in the test conform to the characteristics of the language in the database.
  • Paper-based Test

    The paper-based TOEFL test has three sections plus a 30-minute writing test (the Test of Written English) that is required of everyone who takes the paper-based test.

  • Listening Comprehension measures the ability to understand English as it is spoken in North America.
  • Structure and Language measures the ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard written English.
  • Reading Comprehension measures the ability to understand non-technical reading matter
There is no scheduled break during the paper-based test.

Test Centers

The TOEFL test is offered in different formats depending on your location.

Paper Based TOEFL:

Banglore, Hyderabad, Trivendrum

Internet Based:

Ahmedabad; Allahabad; Bangalore; Calcutta; Chennai; Cochin; Coimbatore; Dehradun; Greater Noida; Gurgaon; Hyderabad; Indore; Jaipur; Kurukeshetra; Mumbai; Nagpur; New Delhi; Panji; Pune; Ranchi; Secunderabad; Surat; Trivandrum; Vadodara; Visakhapatnam.

Eligibility

Anybody can appear for the TOEFL, as there are no restrictions on applicant age or qualifications. The validity period of TOEFL Scores is two years.

How to Apply

Internet-Based Testing (iBT) -The TOEFL test is offered in Internet-Based Testing (iBT) format at an authorized ETS test center in your chosen location. The TOEFL iBT test fee is US$150. You must bring the proper identification (ID) documents with you on test day. Without the required documents, you may not be admitted to the test, and your test fee will be forfeited. See identification requirements for TOEFL iBT for specific information.

  • Register Online (for fastest and most convenient service)
  • Register by Phone
  • Register by Mail

Paper-Based Testing (PBT)

The TOEFL test is offered in Paper-Based Testing (PBT) format at an authorized ETS test center in your chosen location. The TOEFL PBT test fee is US$140. See Testing and Service Fees for information about payment policies. You must bring the proper identification (ID) documents with you on test day. Without the required documents, you may not be admitted to the test, and your test fee will be forfeited. See identification requirements for TOEFL PBT for specific information.

  • Register Online (for fastest and most convenient service)
  • Register by Mail

HOW LONG ARE SCORES VALID ?

  • TOEFL scores are valid for two years. Because language proficiency can change considerably in a relatively short period of time, scores more than two years old cannot be reported or verified.
  • If you took the TOEFL test more than two years ago and need to submit scores to an agency or institution, you must take the test again to have your scores reported.
  • Some Important Links

    The TOEFL test is offered in Internet-based Testing (iBT) format at an authorized ETS test center in your chosen location.
  • Get TOEFL Details
  • Register for the Test
  • Free Test Preparation Materials
  • Frequently Asked Questions
  • The TOEFL test is offered in Paper-based Testing (PBT) format at an authorized ETS test center in your chosen location.
  • Get TOEFL Details
  • Register for the Test
  • Free Test Preparation Materials
  • Frequently Asked Questions

IV . IELTS Test

Exam Pattern

IELTS is an English Language Proficiency test that is required to be taken by non-native students for study in countries where the medium of instruction is English. Among the popular study destinations IELTS is accepted by universities in UK, Australia, New Zealand and Canada.

IELTS is jointly managed by University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations, British Council, and IDP: IELTS Australia.

It has become a mandatory test for students of many nationalities to get student visas to Australia. You cannot be granted an Australian student visa without an IELTS score if you are from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and many other countries, TOEFL is not accepted.

All other study destinations either require you to take the TOEFL or IELTS. IELTS is however not accepted by most universities in USA. TOEFL is required for study there.

The test is conducted by the British Council. You can contact your local British Council office to find out where your nearest test centre is located. Most centres normally have a testing session about once a month. You should contact the test centre to find out the date of the next test and collect the IELTS handbook and an application form. The filled application form should be sent back to the test centre with the test fee. You will be given a date and time of your test.

The British Council also runs short courses to prepare you for IELTS. Check details about the same from your test centre.

The test results are normally made available within two weeks of taking the test. You can also ask for more copies of your test results.

The test has different sections:

The Listening Section - Duration : 30 minutes Academic reading/general training reading section - Duration : 60 minutes Academic writing/general training writing section - Duration : 60 minutes Speaking Section : Duration : 11 - 14 minutes

Total test time : 2 hours and 45 minutes

You will receive a separate Band Score. The four Band Scores, one for each section are added together and averaged for an Overall Band Score. Each Band has a statement giving a summary of the English at that level. There are nine Band levels, from one (non-user) to nine (expert user). The minimum score accepted for a course ranges from 5.0 to 7.5, depending upon courses and institutes you are applying to. The most common requirement is a band score of 6 to 6.5.

Test Reports have a validity of two years.

You can retake the test if you donot achieve the desired score but not before three months of the first test date.